How do seals adapt an survive in nature?

seals fighting

A wild baby seal could easily be the cutest animal you’d ever see. Those huge eyes! But for the baby to grow into a full-blown seal, it must prevail a lot of dangers the nature throws their way. There are fierce polar bears, all kinds of hunters as well as the freezing nature itself.

So, how do seals survive in wild nature?

Well, like any baby, it has its parents by its side to feed them and protect. Luckily enough, seals don’t have many species to worry about. There are not many predators in the arctic but seals do have to be weary of polar bears, sharks orcas as well as other, bigger seals.

Body Adaptations of Seals


To protect themselves from these predators, not to mention hunt for food, seals must be fast. When you look at one of these giant, 3000 kg. sea animals, you may not get the impression that they have lighting speed and tremendous agility. Not on the land, anyway.

But underwater they look like ballerinas on steroids. They have a strong upper-body as well as flippers that help them twist and turn in order to avoid becoming some Great White’s dinner. Obviously, their body structure also helps them in finding food – mostly fish, lobsters and other seals.

And do you still remember those huge black eyes seals have? Apparently, it’s not only to make them look cute. Who knew?! Large eyes with a special membrane allow them to see better under the water but not be harmed by the harsh rays of the sun bouncing off the snow.

Endangered Species

ribbon seal

Unfortunately, even with the protections they have, seals are becoming endangered. Some grey seals in the Baltic Sea, Galápagos fur seals and the monk seals are already endangered while northern fur seals and hooded seals (hunted in the arctic) are declared ‘vulnerable’.

Mostly their population is hurt by the hunting season that starts every April.

The good news is that the population of some seals like the crabeater seal is alive and well. Crabeaters have the largest population of seals with estimated 75 million individual seals, despite the fact that 4 in 5 baby crabeater seals end up in the tummies of leopard seals.

It’s the crazy life cycle of nature.

That’s it. We hope you that this article was interesting and you found out some new interesting facts about how seals survive in the wild nature.